Lost in Execution: Fishing in Smoke in the Highwoods

In the Highwoods we dig up and burn the rhododendron. It is an invasive species not welcome in the woodland. The work is carried out by a team of volunteers; the bonfire must be placed under a clearing in the tree canopy and away from any roads. The smoke produced is thick and substantial.

As well as photographically recording this process I want to capture something physical, a track that marks the passing of an ephemeral state. I devise a process with steps, tools and outcomes to capture something of this act of woodland management.


I hang artboards into the smoke of the burning rhododendron, fishing for marks that simultaneously fulfil and challenge my preconceptions. Like chasing smoke in mist, I follow the process not knowing what I will find but knowing I am attracted by the thoughts it triggers and what I see. The smoke is thick. A combination of carbon and an amber, tar-like, substance with enough adhesion to hold the rising ash.

The series of artboards inhabited the studio with their pungent aroma requiring open windows and time to pass. I take digital photographs and interweave the images to emphasise the echoes of the smoke and the tracks of the ash. The amber tar was unexpected and wonderful both in its colour and its ability to hold the ash.

Smoke on art-board


Art-board with stencil

Fishing for Smoke

Fishing for Smoke with Leaves

Lost in Execution: Dancing Trees

Dancing Trees is a short-term, time restricted artwork.

Within the woodland, there is a coppiced tree where two new tree trunks have grown close together.  A branch links them and it looks like they are holding each other.  The trees are embracing and dancing together.

Dancing Trees Sketchbook


Digital Tree


By collecting and using the woodland debris from around the tree, I create a `drawn shadow’.  This emphasises the illusion of the dancing partners twirling in the woodland.

This artwork and the shadow illusion will only last a short time.  Its continued existence will depend on the weather, the wind strength and any human and animal traffic through the area.

We have a tendency to anthropomorphise objects and impose upon them human features and feelings. We seek a connection and I want to use this artwork to emphasise this connection. The fleeting nature of this work is part of the statement about how fragile the natural environment can be and the nature of our imaginative flights of fancy.

The fleeting nature of this work is part of our imaginative flights of fancy.

The nature of visualisation is constantly changing.

Lost in Execution: Pond 02

When I looked again at my idea for Pond 01 the level of intervention suggested was too great.  My next idea is to look at the possibility of creating some tensile structures.

I want to create sculptural forms utilising Sweet Chestnut that is coppiced in the wood. I want to explore the balance required for a healthy bio-diverse environment and this must be a balance between the desire to encourage biodiversity in and around the pond and the dogs that are walked in the woodland. The artwork produced must seek a stable balance.

Tensile Structures

Tensegrity, tensional integrity or floating compression is a structural principle based on the use of isolated componenets in compression inside a net of continuous tension, in such a way that the compressed members (usually bars or struts) do not touch each other and the prestressed tensioned members (usually cables or tendons) delineate the system spatially (definition for Wikipedia)

Tensional Integrity Maquette 1


Tensile structures allow two opposing forces in balance to create something strong and stable. A balanced system that is largely self-correcting. Tensional integrity is compressive and tensional forces in balance makes the structure strong but it looks fragile.  It is often difficult to see how the structure holds together. 

Tensional Integrity Maquette 2

I have previously worked with tensile structures to create environmental sculpture, based upon work inspired by  Kenneth Snelson a sculptor and photographer and the architect Buckminster Fuller

Tensile Structure - The Pond (2) Tree-like structure


I made some maquettes of `trees’ that would overreach the pond (creating reflections in the water). The `tree’ structures will be around the edge of the pond with a low, woven, structure linking the base of the `trees’. The barrier would both link and protect the structures and also restrict direct access to the pond. The structure will not surround the whole pond but will allow area regeneration to take place in controlled sections.

Tensile Structure - The Pond (2) Tree-like structure

Tensile Materials

I intend to use materials that are available in the woodland, in a manner that is sympathetic to those materials. Green woodwork will change shape, shrink and expand in response to the weather. The material is dynamic and part of a system of change.

The next step is to carry out some experiments with the green wood to investigate the cutting and drilling techniques most suitable for creating the posts.  There is also the issue of how to tie the structures. Will hemp rope provide the required strength and elasticity? 

Lost in Execution: The Pond

A muddy pond in the woodland. It is one of a number of ponds that are maintained to encourage wildlife.  However, this particular pond has become a bathing pool for dogs.  The damage incurred by this encourages only mud, not the desired biodiversity of plant and pond life.

My idea is to enclose part of the pond and this will reduce the disturbance of the water. This will prevent easy access to the water by dogs and so encourage plant growth.  The plant life will then attract insect life and perhaps amphibians and birds.  Any structure must allow the pond and any emerging plant life to be seen by visitors to the wood.

The Pond (1)

My first idea.  This uses stake fencing cut to create shapes and curves.  I will use coppiced Sweet Chestnut which is produced as part of the management of this ancient coppiced woodland. It will surround part of the pond and show it is more than just a barrier, a fence. The structure would be around and over part of the pond.  This would encourage and protect wildlife and plant growth on the edges of the pond.  It will make an unexpected line on the landscape. 

Perhaps visitors will pause and look more closely at the pond and consider the need to protect the area from the family pet.   The muddy mess will be protected, plants can establish roots near the stakes and while the plant life takes hold, the sculptural nature of the barrier will be a point of interest in the woodland.

It will be functional within the environment but also question the viewer about the other lines we impose upon the natural woodland.

Lost in Execution: Why Woodland Sculpture?

I often work indoors but all of my major art projects take me outdoors – where I would rather be.  Anyone who follows my work knows that I spend hours photographing the groyne fields of Bexhill beach (Intervention).  However, I also work with a group of volunteers to maintain the pre-industrial heritage of the Highwoods.  This work allows me to contemplate broader issues about the environment and climate change.  It also provides a sense of connection with past generations who worked and lived in the woodland.

Woodland Fire

In this work, I want to consider the complexity of our natural and man-made environment. In my previous work – The Woven Path – a spiral was created in an area of bracken. By beating back the bracken new plant life has a chance to grow.  Woven Path involved the imposition of a spiral, a line. on an area of bracken.  This caused me to look again at other lines that we create in the landscape and question our current relationship with the woodland. As Bexhill’s population grows perhaps more people will seek to find a connection with nature by visiting this woodland and so build a relationship with the area in which they have chosen to live.

Artistic Influences

My new work is influenced by the environmental work of Paul Nash, British surrealist painter and war artists; one of the most important landscape artists of the first half of the twentieth century, Andy Goldsworthy, a British sculptor and photographer producing site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings and Keith A Pettit  a Sussex based wood engraver, sculptor and bonfire sculpture builder.



Lost in Execution: Woodland Sculpture

Lost in Execution is about the importance of process and this exploration continues into 2017. A plan is just one element of a process: a movement from an idea sketched on paper to that which is physical. However, the item produced from the plan is never final or finished. It changes over time as it is extended, altered or decays.

I am working on an idea for some sculptural work in Highwoods, a local woodland.  A woodland is a dynamic, natural, system with a human process imposed upon it. It is neither natural nor wild in its wider sense – it is man-made. This woodland is the product of earlier pre-industrial use.  The form and shape of the woodland are managed by human intervention and with determined outcomes for that intervention, such as coppicing for wood. It is our use of the landscape that creates our idea of a `natural’ environment. Current management of the woodland is to support and encourage biodiversity

Woodland Lines

A recurring theme in my work in the woodland has been `lines in the landscape’: the lines that mark the edge of the woodland, the paths through the wood,  the power lines that force a clearing through the wood. In 2016 I produced work that involved making marks in the landscape that had both a functional and artistic purpose.

The Woven Path

The Woven Path – September 2016


The Woven Path

Woodland Time

Time is a recurring theme in my work.  As I reflect upon the growth cycles of the different trees, all of which have to been coppiced at different times for best yield, I think about how different pieces I could produce will have different time frames – hours, weeks, months, seasons. Seasons seem to be most apt when thinking of this growing and changing environment.

Woodland Intervention

My previous intervention in the ecosystem of the woodland has been part of woodland management to encourage biodiversity. The trampling of the bracken to form a spiral was part of an essential cutting back of the bracken to allow a wider diversity of plant life to take hold in an area that was being overwhelmed. However, the spiral mark was consumed by the natural environment as the seasons changed.

The Woven Path

The Woven Path (digitally enhanced)


In this new work, I want to involve material and processes that form an integral part of managing the woodland.  I want to do this in such a way that the work itself integrates into the natural processes of the woodland. Some of the artwork may only last for hours, others may last for weeks,  months or seasons.

Lost in Execution: Nexilis Weave One and Nexilis Weave Two

May 2017 and two pieces from the `Lost in Execution’ series were selected to be part of `A Splash of Colour’, a contemporary watercolour exhibition at Murmurations Gallery, Bexhill.

Nexilis Weave One and Nexilis Weave Two
Media: Watercolour with digital media
Size: 25 x 33 in

Nexilis is a cyclical exploration of the balance between pattern and chaos. I explore an idea circling around its centre in a series of tangents both approaching and withdrawing. The tangents interweave locking into each other. Earlier explorations creating warp and weft for the future.


Lost in Execution: Nexilis

Nexilis is the Latin word for woven together or intertwined. In this series `nexilis’ refers to the visual weaving of physical watercolour strips with the digital strips; the intertwining of physical and digital media. The weaving of the physical and the digital is a theme that runs throughout my work. 

Nexilis describes the process of working from physical watercolour through to the manipulation of the physical as digital objects, finally returning to and integrating the physical with the digital. The watercolour elements of the piece are painted, then torn into strips. The watercolour strips are photographed and manipulated into digital objects. The digital objects are used as the foundation of a series of abstract images.




Nexilis P1120417

Shown above, the underlying image is an A2 digital print overlaid with physical strips of water-coloured paper. These are the strips originally photographed and used to generate the image upon which they are now placed.

In the next image, I explore the effect of desaturation by reducing the colour palette. I apply filters to make it less paint-like and more photographic. The circular exploration of pattern and chaos continues.

Nexilis P1120417oilPaintmute


I am interested in the idea of reflection and this is present in both the way I think and the way I work. I have a cyclical approach; focusing on something and then leave it, return later, expand upon it, and then move on, a process that may continue indefinitely. The blend of chaos and pattern attempts to describe a search for balance.

Lost in Execution: Tangential

Tangential begins with the idea of a tangent and its relationship to a circle. This leads to thoughts of balance and chaos; `going off on a tangent’. I let my ideas explore a tangent’s relationship to a circle – a point of focus – while moving towards or away from the circle. Multiple tangents cluster around and create alternative definitions of the idea held at the centre; its relationship continues.

Tangential: 2cSpiralDev02a

Tangential: 2cSpiralDev02bdetail













Where is the balance between pattern and chaos? In the images above elements of the pattern are created by a series of tangents on a curve. I am interested in the idea of reflection and this is present in both the way I think and the way I work. I have a cyclical approach. I often focus on something and then leave it, returning later, expand upon it, and then move on, a process that may continue indefinitely. In this series of images, te blend of chaos and pattern attempts to identify and describe this search for balance.

Tangential 2cSpiralDev02c

Tangential 2cSpiralDev02cdetail

The tangents on a curve relate to a central idea. The detail maintains the sense of chaos and pattern in balance despite revealing some elements of the overlying pattern. I moved away from the photographic quality of the strips by using filters to de-emphasise the watercolour.

Desaturation moves away from the original wide colour palette of the watercolour strips while applying a similar filter style. Each of these images is tangents in their relationship to the original image.